At the exact time scheduled, the
Bailiff of the Ninth District Court of Appeals enters the
strikes the gavel three times, asks the attorneys and spectators to rise
Ninth District Court of Appeals is now in session pursuant to
Three judges of the Court, dressed
in robes, file in through a side door and take their places behind the
bench. The Presiding Judge of the Court or the most senior judge on the
panel sits in the middle and presides over the proceedings.
The Presiding Judge announces the
first case and invites the parties to make their presentations. The
appellant or his or her attorney walks to the podium in the center of the
courtroom and begins. Each side is limited to a fifteen-minute oral
argument, including any rebuttal time the party or attorney may have
The judges, who have read all of the
briefs in each of the cases prior to argument, often ask numerous
questions during the oral presentations. Oral arguments are an
opportunity for each side to stress the most important issues in their
case as well as an opportunity for the judges to learn the answers to
questions not covered in the briefs.
The Court generally hears six cases
For more information about oral
argument, see Ninth District FAQs.